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Organization for Animal Dignity.
One is that the breeding date, and hence foaling date, of any given mare will be uncertain.
In the "harem" model, the stallion is allowed to run loose with mares akin to that of a feral or semi-feral herd.
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Being social animals, stallions who are not able to find or win a harem of mares usually band together in stallions-only "bachelor" groups which are composed of stallions of all ages. When the herd is in motion, the dominant stallion herds the straggling members closer to the group and acts as a "rear guard" between the herd and a potential source of danger. Geldings are safer to handle and present fewer management problems. Some stallions do behave better for some people than others, but that can be true of some mares and geldings, as well. In some places, young domesticated stallions are allowed to live separately in a "bachelor herd" while growing up, kept out of sight, sound or smell of mares. Another problem is the risk of injury to the stallion or mare in the process of natural breeding, or the risk of injury while a hierarchy is established within an all-male herd.